A utility that converts C and C++ code into Java code, supplied as source code only, runs on OS/2, Microsoft Windows and AIX. It was a Ph.D. thesis project and more advanced than the average such code translator although the C support is more advanced than the C++ one.
- Last known version: Ephedra v2.6 (2005)
- VisualAge C++ v4.0
- Johannes Martin: Ephedra - A C to Java Migration Environment - 2002 - 
- Johannes Martin & Hausi A. Müller: Strategies for Migration from C to Java - From Proceedings of the 5th European Conference for Software Maintenance and Reengineering 2001. 
- Johannes Martin & Hausi A. Müller: C to Java Migration Experiences - From Proceedings of the 6th European Conference for Software Maintenance and Reengineering 2002. 
- Johannes Martin & Hausi A. Müller: Discovering Implicit Inheritance Relations in Non Object-Oriented Code - Advances in Software Engineering: Comprehension, Evaluation, and Evolution. Edited by Erdogmus & Tanir - Springer Verlag 2001, ISBN 0-387-95109-1