DosEnterCritSec (OS/2 1.x)

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This call disables thread switching for the current process.

Syntax

DosEnterCritSec ()

Return Code

rc (USHORT) - return
Return code descriptions are:
  • 0 NO_ERROR
  • 484 ERROR_CRITSEC_OVERFLOW

Remarks

DosEnterCritSec causes other threads in the process to block themselves and give up their time slice. After a DosEnterCritSec request is made, no dynamic link calls should be made until the corresponding DosExitCritSec call is completed.

If a signal occurs, thread 1 begins execution to process the signal even though another thread in the process has a DosEnterCritSec active. (Thread 1 of a process is its initial thread of execution, not a thread created with the DosCreateThread call.) Any processing done by thread 1 to satisfy the signal must not include accessing the critical resource intended to be protected by the DosEnterCritSec request.

A count is maintained of the number of times a DosEnterCritSec request is made without a corresponding DosExitCritSec. The count is incremented by DosEnterCritSec and decremented by DosExitCritSec. Normal thread dispatching is not restored until the count is 0. The outstanding DosEnterCritSec count is maintained in a word. If overflow occurs, the count is set to the maximum value, no operation is performed, and the request returns with an error.

A thread can also execute code without having to give up time slices to other threads in its process if it requests a priority class that is higher than those of the other threads. A thread's priority is examined and changed with DosGetPrty and DosSetPrty.

Bindings

C

#define INCL_DOSPROCESS

USHORT  rc = DosEnterCritSec(VOID);

USHORT  rc;            /* return code */

MASM

EXTRN  DosEnterCritSec:FAR
INCL_DOSPROCESS     EQU 1

CALL   DosEnterCritSec

Returns WORD

Example Code

This example enters a section that will not be pre-empted, performs a simple task, and then exits quickly.

 #define INCL_DOSPROCESS
 
 USHORT flag;

   DosEnterCritSec();    /* Enter critical code section */
   flag = TRUE;          /* Perform some work */
   DosExitCritSec();     /* Exit critical code section */