C++

From EDM2
Jump to: navigation, search
C++.png

A language in the CPL branch of the Algol family of programming languages, C++ is basically AT&T C with the object-oriented features of Simula. While you can compile and run C programs in an C++ environment and some C++ compilers are actually just C compilers with a pre-processor, C++ is in fact a very distinct language to C that by design uses mostly the same syntax.

C++ was first implemented as a rudimentary pre-processor for C in 1979 and was then known simply as C with Classes, the name was changed to C84 in 1983 and when people realised that it would clash with the naming convention for the ANSI C formal standard process that had already begun it was changed again to C++ in 1985.

A list of OS/2 implementations of C++

Interpreters

OS/2 C++ libraries and class libraries

If the compiler you use supports both C and C++, you can use C libraries with your C++ programs and vise versa, however using C++ libraries from C can be a bit kludgey and require you to write bindings, while using C libraries with C++ is less problematic it can also require you to write some interfaces, take a look at the C page for available C libraries. Also see the Standard Template Library for STL support.

GUI class libraries

  • Cubus OS/2 Class Library - Encapsulates PM and VIO API's - Open source - Discontinued
  • Liant C++/Views - Multi-platform app framework/GUI library - Commercial - Discontinued
  • ObjectPM - Presentation Manager classes - Commercial - Discontinued
  • OpenZinc (formerly Zinc) - Multi-platform UI library - Originally commercial, now open source - Current
  • Qt - Multi-platform application and UI framework - Commercial/Open source - Current
  • StarDivision StarView - Commercial - Discontinued
  • V C++ GUI Framework - Multi-platform - Open source - Discontinued

Database and file management

  • C/Database Toolchest - Library for database creation and maintenance - Commercial - Current
  • CdBFile - For reading/writing .dbf/xBase files - Open Source - Discontinued.
  • CSLIB - Database classes and generator - Commercial - Discontinued.
  • CThrough - Graphics class library - Commercial - Discontinued.
  • dbfLIB++ - A tool that allows you to work with xBase databases - Commercial - Discontinued
  • e_Comm - Communications and networking - Commercial - Discontinued
  • e_Db - Database engine - Commercial - Discontinued
  • e_Fs - Virtual file system - Commercial - Discontinued
  • Kroni's Classes - Class library with sundry PM functions - PostcardWare - Discontinued
  • Lily - Embeddable LISP - Open Source - Discontinued
  • Net.h++ - Networking and comms - Commercial - Discontinued
  • The Open Objects Library (OOL) - Originally freeware, now open source - Discontinued
  • Socket++ - Networking library - Open Source - Discontinued
  • Threads.h++ - Multi-threading - Commercial - Discontinued
  • Tools.h++ - Foundation classes - Commercial - Discontinued
  • WebM libvpx - VP8/VP9 streaming video - Open Source - Current
  • Xerces C++ - XML parser - Open Source - Current
  • ZGRAF - Graphing library - Commercial - Current

Data compression

  • LZ4 - Compression library - Open source - Current
  • Snappy - Compression library - Open Source - Current
  • Zipios++ - Compression class lib. - Open Source - Current

Signal processing

  • Aquila - DSP library - Open source - Current.
  • Simple SPL - DSP library - Freeware - Discontinued

Foreign libraries with C++ bindings

  • Cairo - 2D graphics library - Open source - Current
  • LibcURL - Internet URL (WWW, FTP, etc) access - Open Source - Current
  • Libxml2 - XML parser - Open source - Current
  • Libxslt - XSLT parser - Open source - Current
  • Simple Directmedia Layer - Multimedia - Open Source - Current
  • shwild - Wildcard pattern matching - Open Source - Current

GUI and application generators with C++ output

  • Hockware VisPro/C++ - GUI Creator - Commercial - Discontinued
  • JBA Guidelines - GUI/Database/Application creator - Commercial - Discontinued
  • Professor Owl - Open Source - Discontinued - For Borland OWL only
  • Vestronix Pro C - Database and spreadsheet application generator - Commercial - Discontinued

Translators that generate C++ output

  • Oracle Pro C - SQL > C++ - Commercial - Discontinued
  • Tower Eiffel - Can optionally generate C++ instead of native output - Commercial - Discontinued

Workframes and or IDE's

  • CommonPoint - Commercial - Discontinued
  • Object WorkBench - Shareware - Discontinued

Code verifiers, beautifiers, visualisers and other C++ source code utilities

  • CC-Rider C++ - Commercial - Discontinued - Static analyser, beautifier and visualiser.
  • DOC++ - Automatic document generator - Open source - Discontinued.
  • Ephedra - C/C++ to Java - Open source - Discontinued.
  • Exuberant ctags - Creates index files out of C++ source files - Open source - Current
  • PC-Lint - Commercial - Discontinued
  • SourceLink - Commercial - Discontinued - Browser/Editor/Visualiser

C++ source code snippets, archives and collections

Small programs or routines that you can integrate into your own programs or study to learn from, but are not delivered in library form.

Applications with a C++ programming interface

  • PostgreSQL - SQL relational database system - Open source

OS/2 text & programmers editors with C++ support

  • Boxer - C++ support included by default - Commercial - Discontinued
  • BRIEF - C++ support included by default - Commercial - Discontinued
  • Elvis - C++ syntax support included by default - Open source - Current
  • Enhanced Editor - Has C++ syntax highlighting built in, auto-formatting and automatic code summary as a separate download.
  • FTE - Has support for syntax highlighting, code folding and syntax-aware autoindent.
  • Future Wave Editor - C++ syntax support included by default - Shareware
  • jEdit - Java based - Open source - Current
  • LPEX - Commercial - OS/2 version discontinued
  • Lugaru Epsilon - C++ syntax highlighting, code folding and syntax-aware autoindent - Commercial
  • NEdit - XFree86 - Autoindent, autocomplete and syntax highlighting
  • Preditor/2 - C++ template with syntax highlighting - Commercial - Discontinued
  • SourceLink - Commercial - Discontinued - Browser/Editor/Visualiser

A list of DOS implementations of C++

Interpreter

DOS libraries and class libraries

  • C/Database Toolchest - Library for database creation and maintenance - Commercial - Current.
  • CdBFile - For reading/writing .dbf/xBase files - Open Source - Discontinued.
  • e_Db - Databse engine - Commercial - Discontinued.
  • ZGRAF - Graphing library - Commercial - Current

DOS text & programmers editors with C++ support

  • Boxer - C++ support included by default - Commercial - Discontinued
  • BRIEF - Commercial - Discontinued
  • Elvis - C++ syntax support included by default - Open source - Current
  • FTE - Has support for syntax highlighting, code folding and syntax-aware autoindent.

A list of C++ implementations that run under WinOS/2

WinOS/2 compatible libraries and class libraries

  • C/Database Toolchest - Library for database creation and maintenance - Commercial - Current - Note that the correct library for Win16b development is called the DOS library (but contains Win 16b libs as well) and not the Windows one.
  • Net.h++ - Networking and comms - Commercial - Discontinued.
  • Tools.h++ - Foundation classes - Commercial - Discontinued.
  • V C++ GUI Framework - Multi-platform - Open source - Discontinued

Publications

Note that product specific publications are listed on their relative product page.

OS/2 and C++ related articles, info & tips

Books

  • Bjarne Stroustrup: The C++ Programming Language (4th edition) - 2013, ISBN 0321958322
More or less the standard text for learning C++, requires some prior programming knowledge, preferably C.
  • Bjarne Stroustrup: The C++ Programming Language (2nd edition) - Addison-Wesley 1990, ISBN 0-201-53992-6
An older version of the same book, again not for beginners but at half the size of the current version this is in some ways a better read for those that are using vintage compilers such as VisualAge C++.
  • Margaret A. Ellis & Bjarne Stroustrup: The Annotated C++ Reference Manual - Addison-Wesley 1990, ISBN 0-201-51459-1
In some ways better than the other Stroustrup works as a reference book, the explanations of some of the rules are much clearer. Not a tutorial, not for beginners.
  • Taligent: Taligent's Guide to Designing Programs: Well Mannered Object-Oriented Design in C++ - Addison-Wesley 1994 - Available to read online form here - ISBN 0-201-40888-0
Although outdated, a really good introduction to object oriented C++, not a beginners book but suitable for intermediate and advanced users.

Articles

Research papers and presentations

Tutorials and other learning material

  • EDM/2 has its own C++ tutorial written by Terry Norton:

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6

  • MIX Software has a number of video courses available that focus on teaching C++, both for the beginner and tackles more advanced topics as well, note that these are delivered in VHS cassette format.
  • The author of C++, Bjarne Stroustrup has a lot of introductionary material on his homepage

Links

USENET

Frequently Asked Question lists (FAQ's)

Standards

Apart from the original AT&T documents there appear to be no sources of free C++ standards texts, not even pre-publication or beta editions.

  • Initially all C++ compilers and/or pre-processors were based on the original Bjarne Stroustrup pamphlets published by AT&T as C++ Reference Manual, Data Abstraction in C and C++ Tutorial.
  • ISO/IEC 14882:1998 - Aka C++98, the first formal standard, largely written by Stroustrup himself.
  • ISO/IEC 14882:2003 - Aka C++03 - Also has a "C++ Technical Report 1" with clarifications and errata or ISO/IEC TR 19768:2007, that is sometimes referred to as C++07.
  • ISO/IEC 14882:2011 - Aka C++11
  • N3690 (working draft) - Aka C++14 - Had not been finalised in early 2015.
  • According to the working group a new standard is scheduled to be introduced in 2017, so presumably C++17.
  • ISO C++ Working group homepage

C++ history